What is domain name?

Domain names are the addresses and the central tool for navigation on the Internet. Domain names are names like “www.company.com”, which are distinguished by “.”, with the right most suffix being the Top-Level Domain (TLD), there are 2 kinds of TLD, which are gTLD and ccTLD separately.


What are gTLD and ccTLD?

gTLD stands for generic Top-Level Domain, which are the TLD with more than 2 characters, for instance “.com”, “.org”, “.net”.

ccTLD stands for country-code Top-Level Domain.Each country (and territory) in the world is also allocated a 2 characters TLD, for instance, “.cn” for China, “.uk” for United Kingdom and “.us” for the United States.


What is ICANN?

Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is an international organization responsible for coordinating unique identifiers, i.e. domain names [Names] and IP addresses [Numbers], between computers across the world and building the global Internet.

On top of that, ICANN is also an Internet policymaking organization that has the ability to set up policies for how the “names and numbers” of the Internet should run, for example, to respect Universal Human Right principles on gTLDs registry operation.

For more information about ICANN and ICANN meetings, you may visit the following websites: http://www.icann.org/ and http://meetings.icann.org/.


What is United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC)?

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) is an international treaty recognizes the basic rights of children, with the definition of children as persons below the age of 18. It makes clarification on setting out necessary environment for children to develop to their full potential, and states that with the principle of non-discrimination and for best interest of the child, the children’s right to survival, protection, development and participation should be ensured.

In addition, UNCRC is one of the important international human rights treaties with more countries have ratified the Convention than any other human rights treaty in history.

For more information, you are encouraged to visit the websites of UNICEF and The United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child.